Slovenia - Age of Consent

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SLOVENIA LAWS: 1. Has no sodomy laws, the age of sexual consent is 14 for all. A  person who has sexual intercourse or commits another sexual act with a person of different or same sex who is younger than 14 years shall be punished by imprisonment from six months to five years.
2. Has a national gay rights law that bans some anti-gay discrimination , including employment.
3. Allows homosexuals in its military.
NOTE: 1. This region is the most homosexual tolerant of the former Yugoslavia.

Source:   http://www.interpol.int/Public/Children/SexualAbuse/NationalLaws/

Slovenia - Slovénie - Eslovenia                    Ljubljana

I. Ages for legal purposes
Age of simple majority               The legal age of majority is fourteen (14) years.

Age of consent for sexual activity
The legal age of consent for sexual activity is eighteen (18) years.

[EDITOR:  the documentation does NOT support this entry.  We maintain the age of 14 as accurate]

Age of consent for marriage
The legal age of consent for marriage is eighteen (18) years.

II. Rape
Section 180 (Chapter 19)
"(1) Whoever compels a person of the same or opposite sex to submit to sexual intercourse with
him by force or threat of imminent attack on life or limb, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for
not less than one and not more than ten years.

(2) If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed in a cruel or extremely
humiliating manner or successively by at least two perpetrators or against an offender serving
sentence in a closed or semi-open type of penal institution, the perpetrator (s) shall be sentenced
to imprisonment for not less than three years. "

III. Other forms of child sex abuse
‘Sexual violence’, Section 181 (Chapter 19)

" (1) Whoever uses force or threatens a person of the same or opposite sex with imminent attack
on life or limb thereby compelling that person to submit to any lewd act not covered by the
preceding article or to perform such an act, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for no- less than
six months and not more than five years.

(2) If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed in a cruel or extremely
humiliating manner or successively by at least two perpetrators, the perpetrator(s) shall be
sentenced to imprisonment for not less than three years. "

‘Sexual abuse of a defenceless person’, Section 182 (Chapter 19)
" (1) Whoever has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person of the same or
opposite sex by abusing the fact of his/her mental disease temporary or graver mental disorder or
sickness or any other state owing to which that person is not capable of resisting shall be
sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.

(2) Whoever, under circumstances under the preceding paragraph, violates the sexual integrity of
another person in any other way, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three
years. "

‘Sexual assault on an child’, Section 183 (Chapter 19)
" (1) Whoever has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person of the same or
opposite sex under the age of fourteen (14) years shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less
than six months and not more than five years.

(2) Whoever has sexual intercourse with a defenceless person under the age of fourteen or by
threatening him/her with imminent attack on life or limb, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for
not more than three years.

(3) A teacher, educator, guardian, adoptive parent, parent or any other person who through the
abuse of his position has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person under the age
of fourteen whom he is entrusted to teach, educate, protect or care for, shall be sentenced to
imprisonment for not less than one and not more than eight years.

(4) Whoever, under circumstances under the first, second and third paragraphs, violates the
sexual integrity of another in any way, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three
years. "

‘Violation of sexual integrity by abuse of position’, Section 184 (Chapter 19)
" (1) Whoever, by abusing his position, induces his subordinate or a person of the same or
different sex who depends on him to have sexual intercourse with him or to perform or to submit to
any lewd act, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.

(2) A teacher, educator, guardian, adoptive parent, parent or any other person who through the
abuse of his position has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person above the age
of fourteen whom he is entrusted to teach, educate, protect or care for, shall be sentenced to
imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years. "

IV. Child prostitution
‘Pimping’, Section 185 (Chapter 19)
" (1) Whoever acts as a pimp for a minor, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than
three months and not more than five years.

Whoever engages in pimping or procures the opportunity for sexual intercourse or any lewd acts
for money, shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years. "

‘Presenting persons for prostitution’, Section 186 (Chapter 19)
" (1) whoever incites, solicits, lures or entices other persons to prostitution or is in any other way
engaged in presenting these persons for prostitution to a third person, shall be sentenced to
imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.

(2) If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed by force, threat or
deception, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than one and not more
than ten years. "

V. Child pornography
‘Presentation and manufacturing of pornographic material’, Section 187 (Chapter 19)
" (1) Whoever by sale or public exhibition provides a person under the age of fourteen (14) with
access to writings, pictures, audio-visual or other objects of pornographic content or whoever
presents a pornographic performance to such a person, shall be punished by a fine or sentenced
to imprisonment for not more than one (1) year.

(2) Whoever abuses a minor for the production of pornographic pictures, audio-visual or other
objects of pornographic content or whoever presents a pornographic performance to such a
person, shall be punished by a fine or sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three (3)
year. "

[EDITOR: If we are reading this correctly, a person 14 or over can pose for a "pornographic performance"]

 

LEGISLATION


 

SLOVENIA, REPUBLIC OF

Legislation against child sex tourism

Articles in the Penal Code of the Republic of Slovenia and relevant to child prostitution or sex tourism issues are included in a chapter entitled "Criminal offences against sexual untouchability" (articles 180-187) If a criminal offence is committed abroad, perpetrators (citizens of our republic) of such a crime shall be persecuted in Slovenia in accordance with our valid criminal law principles

Penalties relating to sex offences and crime against children in the country

  • for the sex exploiter (customer)

Age of child

Type of crime (art. of Penal Code)

Penalty

Under 14 years
183 (1)
6 months to 5 years imprisonment
Under 14 years 183 (2) Minimum 3 years imprisonment
Under 14 years 183 (4) Up to 3 years imprisonment
Above 14 years 180 (1) 1 to 10 years imprisonment
Above 14 years 180 (2) Minimum 3 years imprisonment
  • for the organizer, pimp

Age of child

Type of crime (art. of Penal Code)

Penalty

Under 18 years
185 (1)
3 months to 5 years imprisonment
Under 18 years 185 (2) Up to 3 years imprisonment
Under 18 years 186 (2) 1 to 10 years imprisonment
  • for a trafficker

Age of child

Type of crime (art. of Penal Code)

Penalty

Under 18 years
186 (2)
1 to 10 years imprisonment
  • for anyone who detains a person for prostitution

Age of child

Type of crime (art. of Penal Code)

Penalty

Under 18 years
186 (2)
1 to 10 years imprisonment

 

 

Chapter 19: "Criminal Offences Against Sexual Integrity"

Article 180 - Rape
  1. Whoever compels a person of same or opposite sex to submit to sexual intercourse with him by force or threat or imminent attack on life or limb shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than one and not more than years.
  2. If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed in a cruel or extremely humiliating manner or successively by at least two perpetrators or against an offender serving sentence in a closed or semi-open type of penal institution, the perpetrator(s) shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than three years.

Article 181 - Sexual Violence

  1. Whoever uses force or threatens a person of the same or opposite sex with imminent attack on life or limb thereby compelling that person to submit to any lewd act not covered by the preceding article or to perform such an act shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.
  2. If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed in a cruel or extremely humiliating manner or successively by at least two perpetrators, the perpetrator(s) shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than three years.

Article 182 - Sexual Abuse of Defenceless Person

  1. Whoever has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person of the same or opposite sex by abusing the fact of his/her mental disease, temporary or graver mental disorder or sickness of any other state owing to which that person is not capable of resisting shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.
  2. Whoever, under circumstances under the preceding paragraph, violates the sexual integrity of another person in any other way shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.

Article 183 - Sexual Assault on a Child

  1. Whoever has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person of the same or opposite sex under the age of fourteen years shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.
  2. Whoever has sexual intercourse with a defenceless person under the age of fourteen or by threatening him/her with imminent attack on life or limb shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.
  3. A teacher, educator, guardian, adoptive parent, parent or any other person who through the abuse of his position, has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person under the age of fourteen whom he is entrusted to teach, educate, protect or care for shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than one and not more than eight years.
  4. Whoever, under circumstances under the first, second and third paragraphs, violates the sexual integrity or another in any way shall be sentenced for not more than three years.

Article 184 - Violation of Sexual Integrity by Abuse of Position

  1. Whoever, by abusing his position, induces his subordinate or a person of the same or different sex who depends on him to have sexual intercourse with him or to perform or to submit to any lewd act shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.
  2. A teacher, educator, guardian, adoptive parent, parent or any other person who through the abuse of his position has sexual intercourse or performs any lewd act with a person above the age of fourteen whom he is entrusted to teach, educate, protect or care for shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.

Article 185 - Pimping

  1. Whoever acts as a pimp for a minor shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than three months and not more than five years.
  2. Whoever engages in pimping or procures the opportunity for sexual intercourse or any lewd acts for money shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than three years.

Article 186 - Presenting Persons for Prostitution

  1. Whoever incites, solicits, lures or entices other persons to prostitution or is in any other way engaged in presenting these persons for prostitution to a third person shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than six months and not more than five years.
  2. If the offence under the preceding paragraph has been committed by force, threat or deception, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to imprisonment for not less than one and not more than ten years.

Article 187 - Presentation and Manufacturing of Pornographic Material

  1. Whoever by sale or public exhibition provides a person under the age of fourteen with access to writings, pictures, audio-visual or other objects of pornographic content or whoever presents a pornographic performance to such a person shall be punished by a fine or sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year.
  2. Whoever abuses a minor for the production of pornographic pictures, audio-visual or other objects of pornographic content or whoever presents a pornographic performance to such a person shall be punished by a fine or sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year.

 

Updated 01-2001:

CROATIA: NEW PENAL CODE
by Helmut GRAUPNER, Rechtskomitee LAMBDA, Vienna

Croatia adopted a new Criminal Code in 1997 (Official Gazette (Narodne Novine¦ No. 110/97). This new Code did away with the prior discriminatory age of consent for homosexual relations.

The (first) Yugoslav Criminal Code of 1929 banned (Lewdness Against the Order of Nature¦ (anal intercourse) between human beings (Art. 286). Thereby it recriminalized anal intercourse in those parts of the new Yugoslav state,
which formerly belonged to the Turkish empire (which decriminalized in 1858) and to the Kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro. Socialist Yugoslavia restricted the offence to homosexual anal intercourse (Art. 186 CC 1952;
maximum sentence reduced from 2 to 1 year in 1959).

In 1971 the competence for Criminal Law legislation (with some exceptions) was referred to the six republics and the two autonomous regions. These enacted their own Penal Codes in the late seventies. While Bosnia-Hercegovina, Macedonia (decriminalized in 1996), Serbia (decriminalized over 18 in 1994) and Cosovo kept the total ban on homosexual
anal intercourse, Slovenia, Montenegro and Vojvodina did away with it and hitherto treated homo- and heterosexual contacts alike (age of consent: 14). Croatia did away with the old total ban but introduced a new offence of homosexual relations with persons under 18, thereby decriminalizing homosexual anal intercourse over 18 but at the same time newly criminalizing
lesbian contacts (over 14 and) under 18 as well as other gay male contacts than anal intercourse (over 14 and) under 18.

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