Puerto Rico (USA) - Age of Sexual Consent

coolteensites.net
[Cool Teen Sites]

Source:

 

Source:  http://www.interpol.int/Public/Children/SexualAbuse/NationalLaws/

Puerto Rico - Porto Rico - Puerto Rico              Puerto Rico

I. Ages for legal purposes
Age of simple majority         The legal age of majority is eighteen (18) years.

Age of consent for sexual activity
The legal age of consent for sexual activity is fourteen (14) years.

Age of consent for marriage
The legal age of consent for marriage is sixteen (16) years.

The following articles are extracted from the Title 33 of the Laws of Puerto Rico.
II. Rape
Chapter 255, ‘Crimes Against Public Decency’, Article 4061
" Every person who has carnal intercourse with a female who is not his wife in any of the
following circumstances, as provided hereinafter :
a) If the female is under fourteen (14) years of age.
b) If she is incapable, through illness or unsoundness of mind, whether temporary or permanent, to give legal consent.
c) If she has been compelled to the act by the use of irresistible physical force or
threats of grave and immediate bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of
execution ; or by overcoming or diminishing her capacity to resist substantially,
without her knowledge, by means of hypnosis, narcotics, depressant or stimulant
drugs or similar substances or means.
d) If at the time of committing the act, she was not aware of its nature and this
circumstance is known to the accused.
e) If she submits in the belief that the accused is her husband, and this belief is
induced by any article, pretence or concealment put into practice by the accused.

The penalty to be imposed for this crime, except in the case of the crime referred to in subsection
c) of this section, shall be imprisonment for a fixed term of fifteen (15) years. Should there be
aggravating circumstances, the fixed penalty established may be increased to a maximum of
twenty-five (25) years ; if there should be extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a
minimum of ten (10) years.

The penalty to be imposed for the crime referred to in subsection c) of this section, shall be
imprisonment for a fixed term of thirty (30) years. Should there be aggravating circumstances, the
fixed penalty established may be increased to a maximum of fifty (50) years ; if there should be
extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a minimum of twenty (20) years.

In case the crime described in subsection c) is committed while the author of the crime has entered
the home of the victim, or the house or residential building where the victim is, or the yard, land
or parking area thereof, the penalty for the crime shall be imprisonment for a fixed term of sixty
(60) years.

Should there be aggravating circumstances, the fixed penalty established may be increased to a
maximum of ninety-nine (99) years ; should there be extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced
to a minimum of forty (40) years.
The court may impose the penalty of restitution in addition to the penalty of imprisonment
established in any aforementioned case, or both penalties. "
‘Essential circumstances of the crime of rape’, Article 4062
" The crime of rape consists essentially in the outrage to the person and feelings of the female.
Emission is not necessary and the crime of rape is consummated by the slightest penetration. "

III. Other forms of child sex abuse
‘Incest’, Article 4121
" The penalty of imprisonment shall be imposed for a fixed term of six (6) years on persons who,
being within the degree of consanguinity specified in this section, intermarry or have sexual
intercourse with each other :
1) Ascendants and descendants in all degrees.
2) Collateral by consanguinity up to the third degree.
The prohibition of this section includes double-tie relationships as well as single ties, and
includes the relationship of parent and child by adoption or brother and sister by adoption.
Should there be aggravating circumstances, the fixed penalty established may be increased to a
maximum of ten (10) years ; if there should be extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a
minimum of four (4) years. "

‘Abuse to prejudice of minors and incapacitated persons’, Article 4301
" Any person who, taking undue advantage of the needs, inexperience or emotions of a person, in
order to make a profit for himself or another person, causes him to commit an act with a legal effect
prejudicial to him or to a third party, shall be punished, regardless of the nullity of the act, by
imprisonment for a fixed term of three (3) years. Should there be aggravating circumstances, the
fixed penalty established may be increased to a maximum of five (5) years ; if there should be
extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a minimum of two (2) years. "

‘Lewd indecent acts’, Article 4067
" Every person who, without intending to consummate sexual intercourse, commits any indecent or
lewd act with another person shall be punished by imprisonment as provided hereinafter if any of
the following circumstances occur :
a) If the victim is under fourteen (14) years of age.
b) If the victim has been compelled by the use of irresistible physical force or under
threat of grave and immediate bodily injury, accompanied by apparent power of
execution or by substantially overcoming or diminishing his capacity to resist
through hypnotic means, narcotics, depressant drugs or stimulants or similar
substances or means without his knowledge.
c) If the victim is unable due to illness or unsoundness of mind, whether temporary or permanent, to give legal consent.
d) If the victim was compelled to the act without knowledge by the use of deceptive
means that substantially overcome or diminish his capacity to resist.
e) If the victim is an ascendant or descendant in all degrees or a collateral by
consanguinity op to the third degree of single or double bond, including the
relationship as parent, male and female children or brothers or sisters by adoption.

The punishment of imprisonment to be imposed for this crime shall be of a fixed term of six (6)
years, except when dealing with variants of the crime specified in the following paragraph of this
section. In the event of aggravating circumstances, the established fixed penalty shall be
increased to a maximum of eight (8) years ; in the event of extenuating circumstances, it shall be
reduced to a minimum of four (4) years.

When the crime is committed in any of the variants described in subsections a) and e) of this
section or when the crime is committed after the perpetrator entered the home of the victim or a
house or residential building where the victim is or its yard, premises or parking lot, the penalty
of imprisonment shall be for a fixed term of eight (8) years. In the event of other aggravating
circumstances the established fixed term may be increased up to a maximum of ten (10) years ; if
extenuating circumstances intervene, it may be reduced to a minimum of six (6) years.

In addition to the penalty of imprisonment established in any of previously mentioned variants,
the Court may impose the penalty of restitution. "

‘Seduction under eighteen (18)’, Article 4063
" Every person who, under promise of marriage, seduces an unmarried woman of good moral
character under the age of eighteen (18) years , and has sexual intercourse with her, shall be
punished by imprisonment for a fixed term of three (3) years. Should there be aggravating
circumstances, the fixed penalty established may be increased to a maximum of five (5) years ; if
there should be extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a minimum of two (2) years.

The court, in its discretion, may impose the fixed penalty of imprisonment established, a fine of no
more than five thousand (5000) dollars, the penalty of restitution, or any combination thereof. "

Sodomy’, Article 4065
" Any person who has sexual intercourse with a person of his (the) same sex or commits the crime
against nature with a humane being shall be punished by imprisonment for a fixed term of ten (10)
years. Should there be aggravating circumstances, the fixed penalty may be increased to a maximum
of twelve (12) years ; if there should be extenuating circumstances, it may be reduced to a minimum
of six (6) years.


The penalty of imprisonment shall be for a fixed term of twelve (12) years when the act of sodomy
is committed in any of the following circumstances :

a) If the victim is under fourteen (14) years of age.
b) If the victim has been compelled to (perform) the act by the use of irresistible
force, or threat of grave and immediate bodily harm, accompanied by apparent
power of execution ; or by overcoming or diminishing his will to resist,
substantially, without his knowledge, by means of hypnosis, narcotics, depressants
or stimulants, or similar substances or means.
c) If the victim, due to illness or temporary or permanent mental deficiency, is not
capable of understanding the nature of the act at the moment it is committed.

In any of the three preceding circumstances, the fixed penalty established may be increased to a
maximum of twenty (20) years should there be aggravating factors ; or reduced to a minimum of
eight (8) years should there be extenuating circumstances. "

IV. Child prostitution
‘Perversion of minors’, Article 4246
" Imprisonment not exceeding six (6) months or a fine not exceeding five hundred (500) dollars or
both, in the discretion of the court, shall be imposed on :
a) to d) (...)
e) Every proprietor, manager, director or person in charge of a house of
prostitution or sodomy who admits or retains therein any minor under eighteen
(18) years of age and every father, mother or guardian who admits, or retains said
minor, tolerates his admission or retention in said house ;
f) (...)

In the cases that the establishments or premises mentioned in this section have been granted
registrations or licences, the cancellation or revocation thereof shall also be imposed as a
penalty. "

V. Child pornography
‘Delivery, transportation, sale, distribution, exhibition or possession of obscene material’ , Article 4075
" a) Any person who knowingly sends, or has delivered, or transports or has transported, or
brings or has someone bring obscene material to Puerto Rico for sale, exhibition, publication or
distribution, or who possesses, prepares, publishes or prints any obscene material in Puerto Rico,
with the intention of distributing, selling, exhibiting it to others, or offering it for distribution or
sale, shall be punished by imprisonment not to exceed five hundred (500) dollars, or both
penalties at the court’s discretion.

b) Any person who commits the acts forbidden in subsection a) of this section, knowing that in
such obscene material a child under sixteen (16) years of age is presented while carrying out or
simulating a sexual act, shall be punished upon conviction, by imprisonment for a term of two (2)
years, or a fine not to exceed fifty thousand (50000) dollars, or both penalties at the court’s
discretion.

c) The provisions of this section, with regard to the exhibition, or possession with intent to
exhibit, of any obscene material shall not apply to any employee, projector operator or movie
cameraman who has been employed and who is working at his job, as long as said employee,
projector operator or cameraman does not have a financial interest of any kind in the place
where he is employed. "

‘Obscene Exhibitions’, Article 4076

"Any person who knowingly engages in or participates in administrating, producing, patronising,
presenting or exhibiting a spectacle with obscene acts or has a part in said show or contributes to
its obscenity shall be punished by imprisonment not to exceed six (6) months, or a fine not to exceed
five hundred (500) dollars, or both penalties at the court’s discretion. A spectacle shall be
understood to mean any theatrical performance, cinema film, dance or any other exhibition intended
for an audience."

 

 

 

Update:  09/2000:

 

The laws of Puerto Rico, according to the documentation attached, basically show that rape occurs when the "victim" is under 14 years of age. Sodomy is illegal still in PR (with punishment of 10 yrs. in prison), as shown in ARt.103 below, however, if the person is under 14, the punishment increases to 12 years. This law is under appeal through action of the aclu. When it is removed, it would seem to me that the age of consent for all sex in PR will come to 14.

Art. 99 Violación. (33 L.P.R.A. 4061)
Se impondrá pena de reclusión según se dispone más adelante a toda persona que tuviere acceso carnal con una mujer que no fuere la propia, en cualesquiera de las siguientes modalidades:

(a) Si la mujer fuera menor de 14 años.

(b) Si por enfermedad o defecto mental, temporal o permanente, estuviera incapacitada para consentir legalmente.

(c) Si la mujer ha sido compelida al acto mediante el empleo de fuerza física irresistible, o amenaza de grave e inmediato daño corporal, acompañada de la aparente aptitud para realizarla; o anulando o disminuyendo sustancialmente, sin su consentimiento, su capacidad de resistencia a través de medios hipnóticos, narcóticos, deprimentes o estimulantes o sustancias o
medios similares.

(d) Si al tiempo de cometerse el acto, no tuviere ella conciencia de su naturaleza y esta circunstancia fuera conocida por el acusado.

(e) Si se sometiera a la creencia de que el acusado era su marido, debido a una treta, simulación u ocultación puesta en práctica por el acusado para inducirla a tal creencia. La pena a imponerse por este delito, excepto la modalidad del delito a que se refiere el inciso (c) de esta sección, será de reclusión por un término fijo de quince (15) años. De mediar circunstancias agravantes, la pena fija establecida podrá ser aumentada hasta un máximo de veinticinco (25) años; de mediar circunstancias atenuantes, podrá ser reducida hasta un mínimo de diez (10) años.

La pena a imponerse por la modalidad del delito a que se refiere el inciso (c) de esta sección, será de reclusión por un término fijo de treinta (30) años. De mediar circunstancias agravantes, la pena fija establecida podrá ser aumentada hasta un máximo de cincuenta (50) años; de mediar circunstancias atenuantes, podrá ser reducida hasta un mínimo de veinte (20) años.

Cuando la modalidad del delito descrito en el inciso (c) se cometiere mientras el autor del delito hubiere penetrado al hogar de la víctima, o a una casa o edificio residencial donde estuviere la víctima, o al patio, terreno o área de estacionamiento de éstos, la pena del delito será reclusión por un término fijo de sesenta (60) años.

De mediar circunstancias agravantes, la pena fija establecida podrá ser aumentada hasta un máximo de noventa y nueve (99) años; de mediar circunstancias atenuantes, podrá ser reducida hasta un mínimo de cuarenta (40) años. El tribunal podrá imponer la pena de restitución en adición a la pena de reclusión establecida en cualquiera de las modalidades anteriormente
señaladas o ambas penas. (Enmendado en el 1977, ley 20; 1980, ley 6; 1980, ley 101; 1983, ley 56) Art. 100 Circunstancia esencial del delito. (33 L.P.R.A. Sec. 4062) El delito de violación esencialmente consiste en el ultraje inferido a la persona y sentimientos de la mujer.
La emisión no es necesaria y cualquier penetración sexual por leve que fuere, bastará para consumar el delito. Art. 101 Seducción. (33 L.P.R.A. Sec. 4063) Toda persona que bajo promesa de matrimonio sedujere a una mujer soltera, menor de 18 años de buena reputación moral y tuviera acceso carnal con ella será sancionada con pena de reclusión por un término fijo de tres (3) años. De mediar circunstancias agravantes, la pena fija establecida podrá ser
aumentada hasta un máximo de cinco (5) años; de mediar circunstancias atenuantes podrá ser reducida hasta un mínimo de dos (2) años. El tribunal, a su discreción, podrá imponer la pena fija de reclusión establecida, pena de multa no mayor de cinco mil (5,000) dólares, pena de
restitución o cualquiera combinación de éstas. (Enmendado en el 1980, ley 101)

Art. 102 Extinción de la acción. (33 L.P.R.A. sec. 4064) El matrimonio del seductor y la seducida, celebrado con anticipación al juicio, impedirá todo proceso por infracción a la sec. 4063 de este título.

Art. 103 Sodomía. (33 L.P.R.A. Sec. 4065)Toda persona que sostuviere relaciones sexuales con una persona de su mismo sexo o cometiere el crimen contra natura con un ser humano será sancionada con pena de reclusión por un término fijo de diez (10) años. De mediar
circunstancias agravantes, la pena fija establecida podrá ser aumentada hasta un máximo de doce (12) años; de mediar circunstancias atenuantes, podrá ser reducida hasta un mínimo de seis (6) años.

La pena de reclusión será por un término fijo de doce (12) años, cuando el acto de sodomia se cometa en cualquiera de las siguientes modalidades:
(a) Si la víctima fuere menor de 14 años.

(b) Si la víctima ha sido compelida al acto mediante el empleo de la fuerza irresistible o amenaza de grave e inmediato daño corporal, acompañada de la aparente aptitud para realizarlo, o anulando o disminuyendo sustancialmente, sin su conocimiento, su capacidad de resistencia a través de medios hipnóticos, narcóticos, deprimentes o estimulantes o sustancias o medios similares.

(c) Si la víctima, por enfermedad o defecto mental temporero o permanente, estuviera incapacitada para comprender la naturaleza del acto en el momento de su realización. En cualquiera de las tres modalidades anteriores, la pena fija establecida podrá ser aumentada hasta un máximo de veinte (20) años de mediar factores agravantes o reducida hasta un mínimo de ocho (8) años de mediar circunstancias atenuantes. El tribunal podrá imponer la pena de restitución en adición a la pena de reclusión establecida en cualquiera de las modalidades anteriormente señaladas o ambas penas. (Enmendado en el 1979, ley 55; 1980, ley 101; 1983,
ley 57)

 

 

 

ACLU challenged the same sex sodomy law:

1. The present action is initiated to request a declaratory judgment stating that Article
103 of the Penal Code of Puerto Rico, 33 L.P.R.A. § 4065, is unconstitutional, as well
as a permanent injunction prohibiting Article 103's application and invalidating said
article. Article 103 provides in pertinent part:

Every person who has sexual intercourse with a person of his same sex or
commits the crime against nature with a human being shall be punished by
imprisonment for a fixed term of ten (10) years ....

Source:  http://www.aclu.org/court/com_prico.html

NOTE FROM THE EDITOR:   Copyright holders:  We are not trying to assert any rights to your article.  We operate as a repository with a virtually unlimited storage capacity.  We capture and store articles to prevent loss due to system crashes and the space limitations that most sites operate under.  We will remove your article if you wish.  This is a non-profit site.  AgeOfConsent.com is a repository of both legal and commentary information on laws relating to sexual activity.  We do not, and can not offer any legal advice or provide any legal counsel.  Do not write to us requesting our advice or suggestions -- your email will be ignored.  This web site and its contents are in no way affiliated, funded, or regulated by any Local, State, Federal or International government agency or governing body.  Information contained on this site has been provided by readers and/or has been discovered through the research of volunteers.  Other than cursory review, no efforts have been made to independently verify the current status of the legal statutes contained in these page nor whether any cases used as examples are still precedent.   Do not rely on this information to make legal decisions.  You should contact a legal advisor in your area for a proper determination of law on any questions you might have.  Any emails and other user comments and opinions included on this site are the opinions of the creator of the message and are not necessarily those of this site, its editors, advertisers or other affiliated entities.