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CHAPTER 12.1-20
SEX OFFENSES
12.1-20-01. General provisions. In sections 12.1-20-03 through 12.1-20-08:

1. When the criminality of conduct depends on a child's being below the age of fifteen,
it is no defense that the actor did not know the child's age, or reasonably believed
the child to be older than fourteen.
2. When criminality depends on the victim being a minor, it is an affirmative defense
that the actor reasonably believed the victim to be an adult.

12.1-20-02. Definitions. In sections 12.1-20-03 through 12.1-20-12:

1. "Deviate sexual act" means any form of sexual contact with an animal, bird, or dead
person.

2. "Object" means anything used in commission of a sexual act other than the person
of the actor.

3. "Sexual act" means sexual contact between human beings consisting of contact
between the penis and the vulva, the penis and the anus, the mouth and the penis,
the mouth and the vulva, or any other portion of the human body and the penis,
anus, or vulva; or the use of an object which comes in contact with the victim's anus,
vulva, or penis. For the purposes of this subsection, sexual contact between the
penis and the vulva, the penis and the anus, any other portion of the human body
and the anus or vulva, or an object and the anus, vulva, or penis of the victim,
occurs upon penetration, however slight. Emission is not required.

4. "Sexual contact" means any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of the
person for the purpose of arousing or satisfying sexual or aggressive desires.

12.1-20-03. Gross sexual imposition.

1. A person who engages in a sexual act with another, or who causes another to
engage in a sexual act, is guilty of an offense if:

a. He compels the victim to submit by force or by threat of imminent death,
serious bodily injury, or kidnapping, to be inflicted on any human being;

b. That person or someone with that person's knowledge has substantially
impaired the victim's power to appraise or control the victim's conduct by
administering or employing without the victim's knowledge intoxicants, a
controlled substance as defined in chapter 19-03.1, or other means with intent
to prevent resistance;

c. He knows that the victim is unaware that a sexual act is being committed upon
him or her;

d. The victim is less than fifteen years old; or

e. He knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the other person suffers from
a mental disease or defect which renders him or her incapable of
understanding the nature of his or her conduct.

2. A person who engages in sexual contact with another, or who causes another to
engage in sexual contact, is guilty of an offense if:
a. The victim is less than fifteen years old; or

b. He compels the victim to submit by force or by threat of imminent death,
serious bodily injury, or kidnapping, to be inflicted on any human being.

3. An offense under this section is a class A felony if in the course of the offense the
actor inflicts serious bodily injury upon the victim or if his conduct violates
subdivision a or d of subsection 1. Otherwise the offense is a class B felony.
12.1-20-05. Corruption or solicitation of minors.

1. An adult who engages in a sexual act with another person or who causes another
person to engage in a sexual act, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor if the other
person is a minor fifteen years of age or older, or is guilty of a class C felony if the
adult is at least twenty-two years of age and the other person is a minor fifteen years
of age or older.

2. An adult who solicits a person under the age of fifteen years to engage in a sexual
act or sexual contact is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
12.1-20-07. Sexual assault.

1. A person who knowingly has sexual contact with another person, or who causes
another person to have sexual contact with that person, is guilty of an offense if:

a. That person knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the contact is
offensive to the other person;

b. That person knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the other person
suffers from a mental disease or defect which renders that other person
incapable of understanding the nature of that other person's conduct;

c. That person or someone with that person's knowledge has substantially
impaired the victim's power to appraise or control the victim's conduct, by
administering or employing without the victim's knowledge intoxicants, a
controlled substance as defined in chapter 19-03.1, or other means for the
purpose of preventing resistance;

d. The other person is in official custody or detained in a hospital, prison, or other
institution and the actor has supervisory or disciplinary authority over that other
person;

e. The other person is a minor, fifteen years of age or older, and the actor is the
other person's parent, guardian, or is otherwise responsible for general
supervision of the other person's welfare; or

f. The other person is a minor, fifteen years of age or older, and the actor is an
adult.

2. The offense is a class C felony if the actor's conduct violates subdivision b, c, or e of
subsection 1, or subdivision f of subsection 1 if the adult is at least twenty-two years
of age, a class A misdemeanor if the actor's conduct violates subdivision d of
subsection 1 or subdivision f of subsection 1 if the adult is at least eighteen years of
age and not twenty-two years of age or older, or a class B misdemeanor if the
actor's conduct violates subdivision a of subsection 1.
12.1-20-10. Unlawful cohabitation. A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if he or
she lives openly and notoriously with a person of the opposite sex as a married couple without
being married to the other person.

 

 

07-2000 New Source: U.S. statutory rape laws is published on the Web by the National
Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information. The booklet, which
requires Adobe Acrobat to read, is located at:


http://www.calib.com/nccanch/pubs/99statutes/35-SexualOffenses.PDF

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