Colombia -- Age of Consent

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COLOMBIA

Source: http://www.actwin.com/eatonohio/gay/world.htm

COLOMBIA LAWS: 1. Has no sodomy laws, the age of sexual consent is 14 for all.   NOTE: 1. Carlos Corsi, Senator, is extremely anti-homosexual.
COURT:1. The Constitutional Court ordered the military and police to lift  the ban on homosexuals.
2. The Constitutional Court ruled that school teachers can not be  fired for revealing their homosexuality, this overturned a 1979 law which made a teacher`s homosexuality grounds for dismissal.
3. The Constitutional Court ruled that private religious schools  cannot ban homosexual students.

Source:  http://www.interpol.int/Public/Children/SexualAbuse/NationalLaws/

Colombia - Colombie - Colombia    Bogota 

Como quiera que la penalización para los delitos sexuales contra menores era bastante laxa, el Gobierno promulgó la
Ley 360 del 7 de febrero de 1997 que modificó algunas normas del titulo XI del libro II del Decreto le 100/80 (Código
Penal) y adiciono el artículo 417 del Decreto 2700 de 1991.

I. Mayorías de edad
Mayoría de edad simple
La mayoría de edad se cumple a los 18 años de edad.

Edad de consentimiento para actividad sexual
La edad de consentimiento para actividad sexual se obtiene :

mujer : 12 años
hombre : 14 años

[EDITOR:  machine translation of above: 
The age of consent for sexual activity is obtained: woman: 12 years man: 14 years]

Edad de consentimiento para contraer matrimonio
La edad de consentimiento para casarce con consentimiento de los padres se obtiene :

mujer : 14 años
hombre : 16 años

II. Violación
‘Acceso carnal violento’
" El que realice acceso carnal con otra persona mediante violencia estará sujeto a la pena de 8 a
20 años de prisión.

El que realice acceso carnal con persona menor de doce (12) años, mediante violencia estará
sujeto a la pena de 2 a 5 años de prisión. "

‘Acto sexual violento’
" El que realice en otra persona acto sexual diverso al acceso carnal mediante violencia estará sujeto
a la pena de 4 a 8 años de prisión. "

III. Otras formas de abuso sexual de menores
‘Actos sexuales con menores de catorce (14) años’, Artículo 305

" El que realice actos sexuales diversos del acceso carnal con personas menores de 14 años o en
su presencia o lo induzca a practicas sexuales, estará sujeto a la pena de 2 a 5 años de prisión. "

[EDITOR: Machine translation: Sexual acts with minors of fourteen (14) years, Article 305 " The one that makes diverse sexual acts of the sexual access with smaller people of 14 years or in their presence or induces it to you practice sexual, will be subject to the pain of 2 to 5 years of prison]


‘Acto sexual en persona puesta en incapacidad de resistir’
" El que realice acceso carnal con persona a la cual haya puesto en incapacidad de resistir o en
estado de inconsciencia, o en condiciones de inferioridad psíquica que le impidan comprender la
relación sexual o dar su consentimiento, estará sujeto a la pena de 4 a 10 años de prisión.

Si se ejecuta acto sexual diverso del acceso carnal, estará sujeto a la pena de 2 a 4 años de
prisión. "

‘Acceso carnal mediante engaño’
" El que mediante engaño obtenga acceso carnal con persona mayor de catorce (14) años y menor
de dieciocho (18) estará sujeto a la pena de 1 a 5 años de prisión. "

[EDITOR: machine translation - sexual access through deceipt: " The one that by means of deceit obtains sexual access with greater person of fourteen (14) years and minor of eighteen (18) will be subject to the pain of 1 to 5 years of prison "]


‘Acto sexual mediante engaño’
" El que mediante engaño realice en una persona mayor de catorce (14) años y menor de dieciocho
(18), acto sexual diverso del acceso carnal, estará sujeto a la pena de 6 meses a dos años de
arresto. "

‘Acceso carnal abusivo con menor de catorce (14) años’
" El que acceda carnalmente a persona menor de catorce (14) años, estará sujeto a la pena de 4 a 10
años de prisión. "

‘Acceso carnal abusivo con incapaz de resistir’
" El que acceda carnalmente a persona en estado de inconsciencia o que padezca trastorno mental,
o que este en incapacidad de resistir, estará sujeto a la pena de 3 a 10 años.
Si no se realizare el acceso sino actos sexuales diversos de el, estará sujeto a la pena de 2 a 4
años de prisión. "

‘Circunstancias de agravación punitiva’
" La pena para los delitos descritos en los capítulos anteriores, se aumentara de una tercera parte a
la mitad en los casos siguientes :

1) Si se cometiere con el concurso de otra u otras personas.
2) Si el responsable tuviere cualquier carácter, posición o cargo que le de articular autoridad sobre la víctima o la impulse a depositar en el su confianza.
3) Si la víctima quedare embarazada.
4) Si la víctima se produjere contaminación venérea.
5) Si el delito se realizare sobre persona menor de diez (10) años. "

‘Trata de mujeres y de menores (trata de personas)’
" El que promueva, induzca, constriña o facilita la entrada o salida del país de una persona, para que
ejerza la prostitución estará sujeto a la pena de 2 a 6 años de prisión y multa equivalente a
multiplicar por una cantidad de 75 a 750 el valor del salario mínimo legal mensual vigente. "

IV. Prostitución infantil
‘Inducción a la Prostitución’, Artículo 308
" El que con animo de lucrarse o para satisfacer los deseos de otro, induzcan al comercio carnal
o a la prostitución una otra persona, estará sujeto a la pena de 2 a 4 años de prisión y multa
equivalente a multiplicar por una cantidad de 5 a 500 el valor del salario mínimo legal vigente. "

‘Constreñimiento a la Prostitución’, Artículo 309
" El que con el animo de lucrarse o para satisfacer los deseos de otro, constriña a cualquier persona
al comercio carnal o a la prostitución incurrirá en prisión de 3 a 9 años y multa equivalente a
multiplicar por una cantidad de 50 a 500 el valor del salario mínimo legal vigente. Si el
constreñimiento se hace sobre menor de dieciocho (18) años, la pena se aumentara en una tercera
parte. "

‘Estimulo a la Prostitución de Menores’, Artículo 312
" El que destine, arriende, mantenga, administre o financie casa o establecimiento para práctica de
actos sexuales en que participen menores de edad, incurrirá en prisión de 2 a 6 años y multa
equivalente a multiplicar por una cantidad de 50 a 500 el valor del salario mínimo legal vigente. "

‘Circunstancias de agravación punitiva’
" La pena para los delitos descritos en los artículos anteriores se aumentara de la tercera parte a la
mitad en los siguientes casos :
1) Si el delito se realizare en persona de catorce (14) años.
2) En la hipótesis prevista en el numeral 3 del art. 306 (Si la víctima quedare embarazada).
3) Si la conducta se realizare con el fin de llevar a la víctima al extranjero. "

V. Pornografía Infantil
‘Pornografía con menores’
" El que fotografíe, filme, venda, compre, exhiba o de cualquier manera comercialice material
pornográfico en el participen menores de edad, estará sujeto a la pena de 4 a 10 años de prisión
y multa de 100 a 1000 salarios mínimos legales mensuales. "

 

 

14:3 Prosecution

The Colombian law declares that it is illegal to use a child for sexual purposes.   The penal code states:

Article 303:  He who carnally enters a person who is less than 14 years old is to be imprisoned for 1 to 6 years.

Article 305:  He who commits different sexual acts of carnally entering a person who is less than 14 years old or in their presence induces sexual practices, will be subject to the penalty of 1 to 4 years in prison.

 

Source:
US Depart of State

According to the Institute for Legal Medicine, 82 percent of sexual abuse victims were minors. An
estimated 25,000 boys and girls under age 18 work in the sex trade. In 1996 legislators passed a
law prohibiting sex with minors or the employment of minors for prostitution, and in 1997 that law
was amended to provide that conviction for nonviolent sexual abuse of a child under 14 carries a prison sentence of 4 to 10 years. Conviction for rape of anyone under the age of 12 carries a
mandatory sentence of 20 to 40 years in prison. Although enforcement of such laws is lax, crimes
against children are being dealt with more severely than in the past. The ICBF oversees all
government child protection and welfare programs and funds nongovernmental and church
programs for children. In conflict zones, children were also often caught in the crossfire between the
public security forces, paramilitary groups, and guerrilla organizations.

 

 

LEGISLATION


 

 

 

COLOMBIA

Legislation to protect the tourism industry

 

The Vice-Minister of Industry and Commerce in charge of the functions of the Ministry of Economic Development

Considering:

That Colombia ratified the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child, which insists that the states adopt special legislation to protect children;

That tourism is an essential industry for the development of the country and fulfils a social function;

That Article 1º of Law 300 of 1996 established that the state will give special protection to the tourism industry, due to its importance for economic development;

That it is fundamental, in order to promote and guarantee the quality of tourist products, that these preserve the ethical and moral principles of the receptor communities;

Resolved:

Article 1º: The promotion, collaboration, permission, or aid, direct or indirect, of the prostitution of minors within the developing activities, will be considered as an infraction by the lenders of tourist services that are acting against the sound development of the country’s tourism industry.

Article 2º: The Ministry of Economic Development, through the Operative Address, will be able to impose administrative sanctions that confirm article 72 of Law 300 of 1996 on the lenders of tourist services who incur an infraction as determined in the previous article, without prejudice to the penal sanctions at that place.

Public Power- Branch of National Legislature

 

Law 360 of 1997 (February 7)

For means of modification of some rules of Title XI of Book II of the Decree 100 of 1980 (Penal Code), relative to the crimes against sexual liberty and decency, and in addition to article 417 of Decree 2700 of 1991 (Penal Code Proceedings) and dictating other dispositions.

The Congress of Colombia

Decrees:

First Article. Title XI of Book II of Decree 100 of 1980 (Penal Code) will be named this: "Crimes Against Sexual Liberty and Human Dignity".

Second Article. Article 298 of the Penal Code remain like this:

Article 298. Violent Carnal Access. Whoever commits violent carnal access with another person, will be subject to 8 to 20 years in prison. Whoever commits violent carnal access with a minor under 12 years old, will be subject to 20 to 40 years in prison.

 

Third Article. Article 299 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 299. Violent sexual act. Whoever commits a violent sexual act against another person, with the exception of violent carnal access, will be imprisoned for 4 to 8 years.

Fourth Article. Article 300 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 300. Sexual Act against a person unable to resist. Whoever commits a sexual act with a person who is unable to resist or in a state of unconsciousness, or in a condition of physical inferiority that impedes comprehension of sexual relations or ability to give their consent, will be imprisoned for 4 to 10 years. For an act other than carnal access, the penalty will 2 to 4 years.

Fifth Article. Article 303 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 303. Abusive Carnal Knowledge of a minor. Whoever has carnal knowledge of a person under fourteen years of age, will be imprisoned for 3 to ten years.

Sixth Article. Article 304of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 304. Abusive Carnal Access with inability to resist. Whoever assumes carnal knowledge of a person in a state of unconsciousness, or mental inability, or who is unable to resist will be imprisoned for 3 to 10 years.

Seventh Article. Article 305 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 305. Sexual Acts with Minors under Fourteen. Whoever commits sexual acts, different from carnal access, with a minor under the age of fourteen or in the minor’s presence, or induces the minor to sexual practices, will be subject to a penalty of 2 to 5 years in prison.

Eighth Article. Repeal of article 307 of the Penal Code.

Ninth Article. Article 308 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 308. Induction to Prostitution. Whoever, with the intent to lure or to satisfy the desires of others, introduces a person to carnal commerce or prostitution, will be subject to a penalty of 2 to 4 years in prison and a fine equivalent to an amount of 50 to 500 times the value of the valid minimum legal monthly salary.

Article 10. Article 309 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 309. Coercion into Prostitution. Whoever, with the intent to lure or to satisfy the desires of others, coerces a person into carnal commerce of prostitution, will incur a prison term of 3 to 9 years and a fine equivalent to an amount of 50 to 500 times the value of the valid minimum legal monthly salary.

If the coerced person is under the age of eighteen, the penalty will increase by one-third.

Article 11. Article 311 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 311. Trade of persons. Whoever promotes, induces, coerces or facilitates the entrance or exit of the country of a person for prostitution, will incur a prison term of 2 to 6 years and a fine equivalent to an amount of 75 to 750 times the value of the valid minimum legal monthly salary.

Article 12. Article 312 of the Penal Code will remain like this:

Article 312. Support of the prostitution of minors. Whoever designs, arranges, maintains, administers, or finances a house or establishment for the practice of sexual acts in which minors participate, will incur a prison term of 2 to 6 years and a fine.

Article 13. The Penal Code will have a disposition, which will stay like article 312 (second) as such:

Article 312 (second). Pornography with minors. Whoever photographs, films, sells, buys, exhibits or in whatever manner commercializes photographic material in which minors participated, will incur a prison term of 4 to ten years, and a fine from 100 to 1000 minimum legal monthly salaries.

Article 14. The Penal Code will have a new disposition, which will be article 306A :

"Article 306A . Intervention of the ICBF. In every case where the victim is a minor, that lacks legal representation or that has one that is not fulfilling their obligation or is lacking the necessary economic conditions or the moral and mental qualities to insure the correct formation of the minor, the official that is familiar with the investigation will give advice to the Colombian Institute for the Well-being of the Family, for the defender of the competent family, who adopts the means of protection that the case merits, and intervene and promote the necessary judiciary action, in representation of the minor and the family.

For this end, the State will designate sufficient resources for the ICBF to carry out what is set forth in the present article.

Article 15. Rights of the Victims of crimes against sexual liberty and human dignity.

Every person who is a victim of crimes against sexual liberty and human dignity has the right:

To be treated with dignity, privacy, and respect during any interview or consultation with doctors, attorneys or social services.

To be informed about the legal proceedings that determine what is made punishable.

To be informed of the available services in order to gain the

To have access to an orientation service and free consultation for her and her family.

To have free access to the following services:

  1. Examination and treatment for the prevention of sexual diseases including HIV/AIDS
  2. Exam and treatment for physical and emotional trauma
  3. Collection of legal medical evidence
  4. To be informed about the possibility of being subject to prejudice from others due to the crime

Article 16. In the whole country, Units Specializing in Investigation with the Technical Body of Investigation of Crimes against Sexual Liberty and Human Dignity will be created. They will work with the infractions in title XI of the Penal Code.

Each of the Specialty Units that follow the present article, will have to have a psychologist to assist the officials in the handling of the interviews and orientation of the victims and render their opinion to the public prosecutor.

Article 17. Article 417 of the Penal Code of Penal Proceedings will remain as such: Article 417. Prohibition of provisional liberty. They will not have the right to provisional liberty as stated in the first part of article 415, except those that have demonstrated all of the requisites for conditionally suspension of the penalty:

1. The organizations against whom preventative detention had been decreed according to number 6 of article 397 of this Code.

2. When it seems demonstrated that there is more than one condemnatory sentence for against the organization for a premeditated or fraudulent crime.

3. When homicide or personal harm has been committed accidentally in passing and it is proven that the organization was in a state of intoxication at the time, acted with technical expertise, or had abandoned, without just cause, the scene of the crime.

4. In the following crimes:

Fraudulence by appropriation (article 133)

Concussion (article 140)

Proper Bribery (article 141)

Illicit Enrichment (article 148)

Violation by Action (article 149)

Prison Escape (article 178)

Accomplice to the Escape (article 179)

Procedural Fraud (article 182)

Arson (article 189)

Damage of works for the common defense (article 190)

Provocation of demolition or flooding (article 191)

Disaster or damage to a building (article 193)

Possession, production, and trafficking of dangerous

substances and objects (article 197)

Production and trafficking of firearms and ammunition (article201)

Production and trafficking of arms and ammunition

of private usage of the Armed Forces (article 202)

Counterfeiting of national and foreign currency (article 207)

Trafficking of counterfeit currency (article 208)

Illegal Emissions (article 209)

Monopolization (article 229)

Speculation (article 230)

Economic panic (article 232)

Illicit commercial exploitation (article 233)

Illegal deprivation of freedom (article 272)

Constraint in order to commit an offence (article 277)

Fraudulent internment in an asylum, clinic, or similar

establishment (article 278)

Torture (article 279)

Abusive carnal access with a person unable to resist (article 304)

Sexual acts with a minor under 14 years of age (article 305)

Inducement to prostitution (article 308)

Constraint to prostitution (article 309)

Trade of persons (article 311)

Encouragement of the prostitution of minors (article 312)

Damages with deformity (article 333)

Damages with functional perturbations (article 334)

Damages with physical perturbations (article 335)

Qualified theft (article 350)

Aggravated theft (article 351)

Extortion (article 355)

 

 

http://www.world-tourism.org/sextouri/legislat.htm

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